10 Things Literary Agents Don’t Do for Authors

literary agents

Literary agents will go through thousands of books per year and pick the ones they feel have the greatest chance of success at major and minor publishing houses. Essentially, literary agents are salespeople whose main product is YOU and your book!

Literary agents serve as filters/middlemen between writers and publishers, advocating for the writers they represent and protecting publishers from an onslaught of unsolicited submissions and queries. Agents choose (in theory) only the tastiest morsels to feed the publishing beast since they’ll only get paid if the industry bites – in the form of a book deal for their client.

What does a literary agent do?

For a more detailed look at the tasks and responsibilities of an agent, check out our article “What Do Literary Agents Do?

But in a nutshell…

Literary agents will go through thousands, sometimes tens of thousands of books per year and pick the ones they feel have the greatest chance of success when being pitched to acquisitions editors at major and minor publishing houses. Essentially, a literary agent is a salesman whose main product is YOU and your book!

As a kind of author advocate, an agent will generally help you prepare your manuscript so it’s in the best shape possible before seeking a publisher. Then they work their connections to pitch your book to appropriate editors. If you’re lucky enough to attract the attention of a publisher, your agent helps you work out the details of the book deal, and (along with some legal help) negotiates for the best possible terms – since agents are paid a percentage of your earnings.

What a literary agent should NOT do

While agents play a crucial role in the success of a particular author or book, there are some things they do NOT do for you on the road towards publication. A reputable literary agent will not and should not:

1. Ask for upfront payment. Avoid agents who charge retainer fees or reading fees. An agent should only earn money if you get a book deal, not before! That is how you know they’ll stay motivated to work on your behalf. Also, an agent should not be billing you for operating costs, office expenses, etc.

2. Charge for editing suggestions. An agent will sometimes make revision suggestions. Since they should only be making money if you get a book deal, it’s in their best interest to get your book into the best shape possible before pitching to editors. They should NOT be charging you for their feedback.

3. Make editing referrals. Beware of agents who make specific referrals to outside editing services. If they do, chances are good that they’re getting some kind of kick-back– and maybe THAT is where they’re earning their real money, instead of getting their clients book deals. [Of course there are cases of legitimate agents connecting authors with good editors, but be alert and sniff out any shady-ness in this area.]

4. Edit your book. An agent’s expertise is in finding the right home for the right book. They’re NOT editors. Yes, they may have editing suggestions that come from years of experience and an in-depth knowledge of today’s book market, but suggestions from your agent are NOT a substitute for working with a professional editor.

5. Guarantee success. If an agent is interested in working with you, that’s great news! Worthy of being celebrated. It’s a big step in your writing career. BUT… it’s only a step. Enlisting an agent is not a silver bullet or a rocket to the top. Hope for the best, but be realistic– it’s possible that your agent will not be able to place your book.

6. Pitch your book to a vanity press. Perhaps this one seems obvious, but be sure to discuss with your agent the types of publishers both big and small that they’ll be contacting about your book.

7. Hold your hand. An agent is supposed to find you a book deal, not be your life-coach. They can be supportive and reassuring, but don’t expect them to counsel you through all the ups-and-downs of your literary journey.

8. Act as your publicist. Again, it’s important to remember that an agent’s role is to line you up with a great publisher – not to edit your book, not to be your artistic therapist, and not to handle all your PR.

9. Take more than a 20% cut. WHEN you finally get that book deal, your agent will get paid– but hopefully no more than 20%! And 15% is the industry standard.

10. Drop everything for you. From reading your initial query letter, to pitching your book, to inking your book deal and beyond, your agent will do a lot of work for you. But you are NOT their only client. Don’t expect them to check in with you daily and don’t expect immediate results.

No one is going to be as invested in your book’s success as you, but your agent does want you to succeed– even if they’re representing a whole roster of authors at one time.

Hopefully this list gives you a better understanding of how you can work with a reputable agent to further your writing career, and what you can and shouldn’t expect along the way.


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Chris Robley is an award-winning poet, songwriter, performer, and music producer who now lives in Portland, Maine after more than a decade in Portland, Oregon. His music has been praised by NPR, the LA Times, the Boston Globe, and others. Skyscraper Magazine said he is “one of the best short-story musicians to come along in quite some time.” Robley’s poetry has been published or is forthcoming in POETRY, Prairie Schooner, Poetry Northwest, Beloit Poetry Journal, RHINO, Magma Poetry, and more. He is the 2013 winner of Boulevard's Poetry Prize for Emerging Writers and the 2014 recipient of a Maine Literary Award in the category of "Short Works Poetry."


  1. An agent promised to send out my novel, or at least held out what SEEMED like a promise. After I paid $5000 to have a reputable editor of her choice work on the book, I am still not sure she is going to send it out.

    If she doesn’t, do I have any recourse? Or do I just have to accept the fact that I got taken? But how do I stop her from doing this to someone else? I hear it has happened before with this agent.

  2. I was thinking of self publishing through amazon kindle, one of my close friends got an advance on a book which made it completely worth it just in case the book doesn’t sell in the future. Self publishing would limit the possibility of an advance so would it still be worth it to give it a shot?

    • WARNING. I have 4 books self- pub on Amazon and Kindle. I wanted to remove them to seek an agent since most agents do not want self pub authors. I learned this after querying a few who loved my sales numbers and books. I was rejected since I was self pub. UGGHGH So, I decided to pull my books, start over. Well guess what? Unless you have an agent, even if you delete you books, they can sell ‘used’ versions. I need an agent to send a letter to their legal dept to remove my books FOREVER! With this said, I believe Amazon makes up faux companies, prints through Createspace (their company also) and sells as used! How can anyone be selling them used in volume at book stories when I track Amazon sales and their is no record of a sale???
      Be very careful with Amazon-Createspace-Kindle. Read the small print. I now found a great agent who is taking me on. We will be re-editing (I’m fine with that) and removing my books once and for all. Oh, P.S. my books are $18.99 when I make a sale (paperbacks) on Amazon, I get under $5. They also charge customers $3 to ship. Kindle my books are $4.99 I get $1. Just be very careful with them. And you compete with 5 million books so I am told.

  3. I am a commercially published author, with my 12th book coming out in a month. I’ve done radio and TV. A year ago, I was asked about a sizzle reel for a possible show, but I was at a loss as to where to begin and how to do it. My publisher wants other books, but with all of what seems to be going on, I really need an agent now. I know I’m not getting the best deals, and I also know that I could be going much farther than I am now (like the TV interest) and doing better money wise. However for me, it has been easier to get published, that it has to find an agent to take.

    I’m an accidental author. A publisher saw some things I wrote on a blog, and here we are, 12 books later. Yes, I got myself this far, but I also know when the real career expert needs to come in. I’m up front with them and state that the business end has gone past my expertise, and that it is time for a professional to step in. But, trying to get an agent seems to be futile. I can’t even get an agent to talk with me on the phone. What to do in this case? Although I want to stick with my present publisher with the series I do with them ( I am doing a book for a second as well, but research has been going on for 2 years now), I am also open to agents shopping around other books we may discuss, and, of course, there are the sizzle reels.

    I would love to get input from someone else who has “been there, done that”, in a similar situation. Did the agents think you really didn’t need them? How did you convince them that , even though you were a seasoned, published author, their help was needed now more than ever? I almost feel that if you’re already published, with multiple books, you’re pretty much screwed finding an agent.


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