In an important sense, unity in writing is an author’s core design principle. This is the starting point and end goal in writing.

What are you aiming for when you start writing? A beautiful character? A page-turning plot? A memorable climax? To coin a new word in your own language, like Dickens did with “Scrooge?”

You could be thinking any one of these things, or a million others. Likely, you are thinking about creating the whole shebang, a complete book. This takes arriving at unity: all the parts of your book working in harmony. Achieving unity means the whole is more than the sum of the parts.

What makes unity possible is a great idea big enough to be the epicenter of a book-length story: Bella falls in love with an immortal vampire, Ahab chases the white whale, Scrooge rethinks his miserly ways. These ideas spawned age-defining books.

Normally, we learn about unity in school in the context of writing well-formed paragraphs. Each paragraph should cover a single topic. Well, it’s the same concept as having one great idea at the heart of a book. When a paragraph has a single idea, its content is unified. When it doesn’t, it needs to split into two (or more) paragraphs – it needs to be fixed.

A textbook-quality paragraph has a topic sentence, followed by sentences that give supporting evidence for the topic. It’s closed with a summary sentence that at best helps the reader understand the connection with the information in the coming paragraph. Like a ride in a Rolls Royce, this structure allows the reader to read through the content smoothly and pleasurably.

Books need the same level of unity, just on a bigger scale. Each unit needs to be just that – a logical unit – from sentence to paragraph to chapter. If you are writing multiple books in a series, the whole series needs unity.

Unity – whether of a paragraph or a book – is like interior design. You don’t have to be a stylist to have a natural desire to organize your surroundings. No, this table goes here. That painting just does not fit the mood. That window needs longer curtains. Beige paint is perfect as it will show off the Persian carpet.

In a beautifully appointed room, all the shapes, colors and styles resonate together – visually, culturally, historically. This is the whole point of paying big bucks to a hired professional. It’s the power of the package effect. Unity is a core concept in art for very good reason. It’s about the harmonious delivery of all the aspects of a work of art such that it becomes deeply impactful.

Unity emerges in interior design, or any kind of art, as pieces of content amplify others, through order and links. Design content such as a chair, couch, or painting are chosen, ordered in a room spatially, and linked together – whether the style is quirky, eccentric, grandiose, or minimalist. We all know when things go wrong visually; we see it and feel it in our bones.

Everyone can mess things up in a room, often for lack of great matching content, but far fewer of us can put things together so it all looks “just right.” It’s the same for ideas – the characters, actions and setting in a book – they need to be just right, and fit all together.

Who would Bella be without Edward? Who would Edward be if he weren’t a vampire? What would either be separately if they didn’t fall madly, supernaturally in love? What would either of them be without the dark and rainy setting of Forks or the wolves in the background? It’s the way they all weave together and exponentially improve each other that brings heightened meaning.

Unity in writing means “unified,” not “all the same.” While all the pieces of a book hang together in space-time, they can be intensely disparate. Often the delight of a book is how seemingly wildly unrelated things are eventually shown to be part of a bigger, connected picture. Ah! There is an underlying meaning and a big picture after all!

Lack of unity is caused by one or more pieces sticking out. A unified story lacks any rough edges, cracks, or gaps. If it has them, readers will shout them down, and the author will soon know it. All writing flaws can be marked down to not achieving unity.

In an important sense, unity is an author’s core design principle. Whatever you start with, whichever choices you make, no matter where you end up, just make it fit together. Unity proves to be the soul of your internal editor. You edit against it actively and purposefully. Are you improving the unity of your work as you select content, order it, and build links?

The purpose of all those iterative drafts? Each one brings you a step closer to unity. Unity in writing is what we seek as we successively hone a work to improve its every aspect. Each draft ties up more loose ends, dumps ballast, and revs up meaning.

The ability to achieve unity is what elevates writing as an art form. Anyone can write a shopping list. Few can write a story that stretches over 80,000 words. The ability to achieve unity separates great writers from the throng.

Creating unity from the ingredients of a story is a writer’s most difficult task. It is also the most essential.

 

The End

 

Related Posts
The Number One Enemy Of The Writer
What’s Worse: Tangential, Rambling, Or Missing Content?
Tightening Your Story’s Cause And Effect Chain With “And So”
Lead Your Readers With Your Book’s Structure
Three questions to help you crystallize and focus your message

 

Dawn Field

About Dawn Field

Dawn Field has written 39 posts in this blog.

Dr. Dawn Field is a book lover interested in what makes great writing. After a 20 year career as a research scientist, her first book, Biocode, was published by Oxford University Press. Now a columnist of The Double Helix, Dr. Field is exploring new writing venues and writing a second book. Based in Virginia, Dr. Field is looking to collaborate with a range of fiction writers as a writing coach, editor, and consultant on the publishing process: fiedawn@gmail.com.

8 thoughts on “Unity In Writing

  1. David Walsh says:

    Thanks, nice work, keeping the story connected between chapters and the introduction of new characters can be challenging for new authors.

    1. Dawn says:

      Yes! An important part of Unity!

  2. EVERETTE C. Nicolls says:

    This article is essential reading. Very good and instructive.

    1. Dawn says:

      Thanks — it’s the favorite thing I’ve written on writing thus far. Focus on Unity and you can’t go wrong.

  3. Judy D. says:

    Really makes sense, for all kinds of writings.

    1. Dawn says:

      Agreed!. Unity applies to any type of writing, and really, any creative activity. It’s a core concept in the art world.

  4. I find that working on my first novel, The Internet President: None of the Above, that it seems like things are all over the place. In rewrites, instead of finding things to take out, I instinctively integrate the pieces together better. So the book isn’t getting shorter, but it is getting better.

    There are all sorts of coincidence, like like a character feeling invincible and something introduced later in the book that means invincible. Then some of those connections I strengthened in the rewrite.

    One of the memorable aspects of one character is their long hair. They happened to be French and there was a tie-in to the ridiculous hair fashions of the French Revolution, which in turn tied into the plot. Then there was another tie to long hair for another character’s nationality’s history (Old West/Queue long braided hair) which tied into the historical immigration struggles echoed today.

    Then there was even a personal tie-in. I’d made an oath not to cut my hair until the book was done. Since it’s a year late, MY hair is now quite long. So the unity of the book has extended even to me.

    1. Dawn says:

      Super! Good luck!

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