Unclear thinking is an enemy of the writer, and it’s most often about being lazy and not fully imagining your story. Write with clarity of purpose, and your writing comes alive.

What is the biggest hurdle for any writer? A lack of time? The blank page? Writer’s block? Having your ideas stolen? The absence of an agent or publisher?

Probably not.

You’ll make the time if you really want to, writer’s block will pass once you fill up again on ideas, and if your ideas are worth stealing, you’ll quickly get another better one. And today, you can self-publish easier than ever.

So, could the worst thing be poor grammar or an inability to spell? What about technophobia that makes dealing with computers a nightmare? Is it a fear of business and the social-media savvy required to promote and sell books? Is it the fierce competition of the book market?


If you have a great story but just need help tidying up the mechanics, hire an editor, copy-editor, or proof-reader. Heck, you can even easily hire a ghost writer these days. If you are a technophobe, write long-hand. It worked for centuries. And while selling books is great, you took on this writing gig for personal satisfaction, right? So who cares about promotion and competition?

So, what is the number one enemy of the writer? Unclear thinking.

Have you ever had the joy of hearing an incredibly clear thinker speak? Thoughts flow in perfect order. It’s so easy to follow. They must be remembering 20 things in their minds at once. Mozart wrote out entire works from memory; he was just dictating. Asimov only wrote two drafts: a first draft and a second to publish. Mozart and Asimov are paradigms of clear thinking. Each thought – whether note or word – has its place. Not one can be dropped, added, or replaced.

The rest of us need help to achieve this kind of clarity of thought. Some use outlines. Some make mind maps, index cards, fill walls with post-it notes, or notebooks with pages of character, setting, and plot developments. Whatever you do, however you do it, it needs to be there.

Clarity of thought is a key reason pantsing and dumping work for some people. Since it’s all one train of thought, not a mash-up of edits done at different times and different moods, it is more cohesive. Others obtain this cohesion through successive rounds of editing.

Clear thinking is a straight path from A to Z.

Unclear thinking makes messes. Unclear thinking yields clumsy, ineffective, wandering trails of words that leave readers in the thickets, cut and bruised, or in the desert, hot and begging for nourishment.

These messes are hard to clean up, and at worst, are unfixable. Editors and beta readers can point out where things go out of focus, but they can’t offer solutions. That is up to you.

So, how to improve clarity of thought? Look at the higher structure of your writing. Sentences need clear logic, but so do paragraphs and larger chunks of text. Chapters need to flow and the longest sections of a book – beginning, middle and end – need to make sense.

Unclear thinking is most often about being lazy and not fully imagining your story. Get your discipline on and think it out completely. Most of all, recognize in your own writing when you’ve insufficiently imagined your story. Write with clarity of purpose, and your writing comes alive.




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Dawn Field

About Dawn Field

Dawn Field has written 35 posts in this blog.

Dr. Dawn Field is a book lover interested in what makes great writing. After a 20 year career as a research scientist, her first book, Biocode, was published by Oxford University Press. Now a columnist of The Double Helix, Dr. Field is exploring new writing venues and writing a second book. Based in Virginia, Dr. Field is looking to collaborate with a range of fiction writers as a writing coach, editor, and consultant on the publishing process: fiedawn@gmail.com.

18 thoughts on “The Number One Enemy Of The Writer

  1. Thanks, Dawn.

    “So, how to improve clarity of thought?”

    I recommend critiquing the works of others via online writers’ groups. When we see the mistakes of friends or strangers, our eyes open to the flaws in our own words.

    1. jguenther5 says:

      A good thought, Kathy, but it’s possible to get burnt out tilting at other people’s windmills. Be judicious about whom you select to critique.

  2. Ola says:

    Great point but if only the article had followed its own advice.

    ‘Clarity of thought is a key reason pantsing and dumping work for some people. Since it’s all one train of thought, not a mash-up of edits done at different times and different moods, it is more cohesive. Others obtain this cohesion through successive rounds of editing.’

    What does that even mean?

    1. Jolyon Sykes says:

      Indeed! Pantsing is when someone has their pants pulled down unexpectedly and in public. How does that make for cohesive writing?
      However, I do agree that clear thinking is vital and I find that testing a work by asking people to read it once and once only is an excellent way of getting feedback.

    2. Pete G says:

      Completely baffled me as well!

    3. Andre says:

      If I may, “pantsing” is a term (used many times before on this blog) to describe a writer who “writes by the seat of his pants,” which is to say, doesn’t outline or plan the narrative before writing. He lets the story take him wherever it is going to go. So the author’s point here is to say that some people gain clarity in the spontaneity of their writing, as it isn’t the product of multiple sessions of writing done over the course of many days or weeks with edits and changes done along the way.

      1. Dawn says:

        Yes! Thank you thank you!

    4. J. Meredith says:

      I, too, was lost in that pantsing sentence. Kinda ironic, and inspiring in a weird sort of way, that such an unclear sentence was right in the middle of this article.

      1. It was only unclear for those who’d never heard the term ‘pantsing’. I find that very strange since it’s a phrase bandied about in many writing columns and blogs.

  3. jguenther5 says:

    Writing a novel is far from a linear process for most of us. I think part of the issue is that we often focus on words per day of output,* when the more important effort lies in designing the story, taking time to mull over the plot-line under a tree somewhere, with notebook and pen. Mulling lets our brain enter non-linear mode, which is almost impossible while facing a computer screen.

    * NaNoNeNeNuNuWriMo emphasizes this tendency, and I avoid it.

    1. Karla Jennings says:

      You’re right. I think the process of writing a good novel is similar to the scientific process of creating and developing an interesting theory. My husband, a physicist, told me what a Russian scientist told him, that good scientific research is “the ability to think lazily and deeply.” It’s not the kind of laziness that leads to sloppy writing and careless errors, but the laziness of slowly spinning thoughts together and following where they lead, rather than trying to force everything into a pre-existing pattern. It leads to discovery and novelty. Of course, you also need an obsessive concern for getting the details right and telling the story as well as possible for the finished product.

  4. SO true, but when we’re not Mozart or Asimov, its a daily slogging, revising a piece – honing, sharpening. All the while wondering if the world even cares about the sharpness, if books are even read anymore.

    If you want to write it has to be because you NEED to write.
    Otherwise it’s just self-punishment.

    Oh, wait, it’s self-punishment if you write, too…so…?

    My thinking isn’t clear at the moment.

    1. Don says:

      Nothing I’ve ever sweated over in session after session, tinkering here and fiddling there, has turned out well. Clarity of thought succumbs to a desperate, pathetic hope. Thanks for an article that talks truth.

  5. Melissa says:

    Sorry, but I have to call BS on this article.

    “Unclear thinking” does not equal being lazy. For some writers, such as myself, part of the joy of writing is the process of discovery, chasing rabbits, getting lost in the woods, and finding the way out again. The whole thing can be edited and revised later. If I know where a story is going before I start writing, then what’s the point?

    Just because Dr. Field prefers a more linear, connect the dots approach to writing doesn’t mean it’s the only way to approach writing. This works for her (and other writers) and that’s fine. However, you don’t get to disparage other writers’ approach because it’s different from yours.

    1. Dawn field says:

      Yes, as long as it’s worked out by the time it reaches the reader is what I meant. Chase rabbits all you like in the creative stages.

  6. Tom Pawels says:

    Bertrand Russell wrote that he dictated his books. Letter perfect after punctuation.
    In youth, I did the same. Everything I wrote was published. Or got personal letters of encouragement from ATLANTIC and PLAYBOY.

    And then, I got fevers and meningitis.

    Now, neverending editing and rewriting is needed to make sense.
    Advice and instruction do not repair organic damage.
    Whether you know your damage or not.

    Good writing is simply easy to read.

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